shabbāt; Yiddish שאבעס,
shabbos; "rest" or "cessation")
is the seventh day of the Jewish week and a day
of rest in Judaism. Shabbat is observed from sundown
Friday until the appearance of three stars in
the sky on Saturday night. The exact time, therefore,
differs from week to week and from place to place,
depending on the time of sunset at each location.
Shabbat recalls the Biblical Creation account
in Genesis, describing God creating the Heavens
and the Earth in six days, and resting on and
sanctifying the seventh (Genesis 1:1-2:3).
Shabbat is considered a festive day, when a person
is freed from the regular labors of everyday life,
can contemplate the spiritual aspects of life,
and can spend time with family. Traditionally,
on that day
three festive meals are eaten — on Shabbat-eve,
at lunch, and as an end-of-Shabbat evening-meal.
How to light Shabbat Candles